Mancala World
Raja Pasu Mandiri
First Description: Alexander
Johan de Voogt, 2000
Cycles: One
Ranks: Two
Sowing: Pussa Kanawa
Region: Sri Lanka

Raja Pasu Mandiri ("king, cow [and] minister") is a mancala game for three persons, which is played in Sri Lanka. The game was first described by Alexander Johan de Voogt in 2000, who observed it during a brief visit of the Colombo area. The game was played by women.


The game has rules similar to Raja Pasu. Sowing, capturing and playing in rounds is identical.

It differs from the two-person game only as follows:

Initial Position

  • The board is divided into three sections. The six central holes of the board are owned by the "Raja" (king). The four endholes of one side belongs to the "Mandiri" (minister), the four holes on the other end to the "Pasu" (cow). The board also has three stores.
  • The game is started by the Raja, the next player is the Mandiri, who is followed by the Pasu.
  • If a player cannot move, he must pass until he can move again.
  • A round ends, when nobody is able to capture anymore. The remaining counters are awarded to the player who moved last.
  • In the next round the Raja becomes the Pasu, the Pasu becomes the Mandiri and the Mandiri becomes the Raja.
  • If a player cannot fill a single hole in the next round, he can borrow counters from his opponents. According to de Voogt, it is therefore unlikely that a game ever comes to an end.

See also[]


Voogt, A. J. de.
Mancala Boards (Olinda Keliya) in the National Museums of Colombo. In: Board Game Studies 2000; 3: 90-99.


© Ralf Gering
Under the CC by-sa 2.5 license.