Mancala World

Nano-Wari → German.

Inventors: Assia Popova &
André Deledicq, 1977
Ranks: Two
Sowing: Single laps
Region: France

Nano-Wari was created by the Bulgarian Assia Popova and the French André Deledicq in 1977 who called it a game of contemplation because it's a game without any choice, strategy or intelligence. The game, which is the smallest mancala variant in existence, was completely analyzed in their book Wari et Solo.



Initial Position

Nano-Wari is played on a two-rank board with one hole per side. Initially there are four seeds in each hole.

A move consists of emptying your own hole and distributing its contents in a circular manner (clockwise or counterclockwise does not matter) into both holes of the board. The first seed must be dropped in the opponent's hole.

The move ends after a single lap.

No seeds can be captured.

The game ends when a board position is repeated.

There are no winners or losers.


The position repeats itself every two moves. The game is as follows (South starts):


Initial Position


After odd number of moves


After even number of moves

Deledicq & Popova also proposed it with different numbers of seeds per hole at the beginning.

  • With 1 it is: 1/1 <-> 2/0
  • With 2 it is: 2/2 -> 3/1 <-> 1/3
  • With 3 it is: 3/3 -> 5/1 -> 2/4 <-> 4/2


Deledicq, A. & Popova, A.
Wari et Solo: Le Jeu de Calculs Africain (Collection "Les Distracts" 3). CEDIC, Paris (France) 1977, 177-179.


© Wikimanqala.
By: Ralf Gering
Under the CC by-sa 2.5 license.