Mancala World
Other Names: Solitaire Mancala
Inventor: Véronique Gautheron,
Variant of Tchoukaillon
Ranks: One
Sowing: Single laps
Region: France

Monokalah is a variant of Tchoukaillon, which in turn is a variant of Tchuka Ruma. The game was invented by the French mathematician Véronique Gautheron in 1977. A close variant called Solitaire Mancala was designed by Tom Bylander, an instructor of the University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), in 2008.


The rules of Monokalah are the same as for Tchoukaillon except for the following:

  • The number of holes ("cases") is always finite.
  • If a player still has counters in his hand, when he reaches the store ("roumba"), he continues to sow them starting in the left-most hole.

As in Tchoukaillon the last stone must always be placed into the roumba even when the move wrapped around the board.

The object is to accumulate all counters in the store.


Initial position discussed by V. Gautheron (Roumba marked)


Solitaire Mancala differs as follows:

  • As in Kalah a row has six pits and a store to their right.
  • The last counter doesn't have to end in the store.
  • The object is to accumulate all counters in the store in as few moves as possible.

External Links[]


Campbell, P. J. 
Tchuka Ruma Solitaire. In: The UMAP Journal 1995; 16 (4): 343-365.
Deledicq, A. & Popova, A.
Wari et Solo: Le Jeu de Calculs Africain (Collection Les Distracts 3). CEDIC, Paris (France) 1977, 184-185.


© Wikimanqala.
By: Ralf Gering
Under the CC by-sa 2.5 license.